Phonics and Teaching Reading

Please click here to see our Phonics Policy.

Jolly Phonics actions

Phoneme pronunciation video

100 High Frequency Words

Reading at St Mary's

Phonics Presentation

Phonics Information and Reference Phase 2 Sound Mat

Phonics Information and References Phase 3 Sound Mat



We use the Letters and Sounds Phonics programme, Spelling Guidance from the New Curriculum, Phonics Bug and Grammar and Spelling Bug to support delivery of our Phonics Sessions. The Letters and Sounds programme is a DfE document which aims to develop children’s speaking and listening skills as well as prepare them for learning to read by increasing their phonic knowledge. It sets out a detailed and systematic programme for teaching phonic skills to children.

In EYFS and KS1, these sessions are delivered twice daily for 20 minutes. Morning sessions are differentiated according to the needs of the children and afternoon sessions are taught as whole class, with some interleaved activities for independent learning. Each Phonics Session will consist of four parts: Rapid Recall, Teach, Practise, Apply. These sessions will give daily opportunities for blending and segmenting.

 There are 6 phases for the children to work through.


Reading is much more than the decoding of black marks on a page. It is a process that requires understanding and response to all types of writing. We aim to encourage reading for pleasure, where stories are shared, authors recommended and a lifelong love of reading is developed.

We support the children’s reading with Phonics Bug books and a banded Reading Scheme which incorporates a range of genres from Oxford Reading Tree, Ginn Lighthouse and Rigby Stars.

Decoding strategies are not the only method of teaching reading at St Mary’s and many other elements are agreed classroom practice throughout the school. Click on the link to the Reading at St Mary's document for further information.